Architectural modeling translates spatial vision into a tangible reality, provides haptic perception and Illustrates changes in form, movement light and colour.

Architectural Model Types

Conceptual model - An aid to the drawing and the design process. Possible to modify
Working Model - An aid to the drawing and the design process
Presentation Model - represents final stage of design

Masses, Surfaces, Linear Elements, Contours, Topography


Architectural Models Three Groups
1. Topographic -
Site models
Landscape models
Models of gardens

2. Volumetric
Urban design models
Architectural models
Structural models
Interior design models
Detail models

3. Speciality
Object design models
Furniture models
Acoustic analysis models
Lighting design models
Special structural solution models
Instruction models

Levels of refinement
Architectural student learning aid
Design committee tool for discussion
Competition entry
Exhibition piece
Client presentation
Scale reproduction of a building
Classroom display
Level 1. Preliminary design
Concept sketches
Conceptual model

Level 2. Design development
Design drawings
Working model

Level 3. Final project
Contract documents
Final presentation model

Level of refinement:
Requirements for: Conceptual model Working model Presentation model
Materials Readily available, quick and easy to form, malleable easy to modify, limited durability durable, fade resistant, generally stable, may be safely shipped
Tools Tools should generally be of high quality; quick and easy to use without prior training, whether simple or specialised; hands-on designing with tools as a supplement to the drawing board Tailored to the technique and type of model, often expensive; practice is necessary
Equipment Equipment should generally be of very high quality; never or seldom required or partly required (basic equipment); practice required Specialised equipment needed, coordinated to type of model; practice required
Work space Drawing board with protective covering, or table for working on model, located next to drawing board Work table with equipment hooked up to it, located next to drawing table Work table with equipment hooked up to it; separate room preferable
Located near the work space 1. Safety instructions and handbooks for equipment
2. First aid kit for emergencies
3. Safety goggles at each work area
4. Tables must be provided with electrical outlets
5. Area for working must be adequately lit and ventilated

3D Printing Models For Architecture